CHAPTER I: STRUCTURE OF THE STATE

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA

Approved on 3 July 3 1984, entered into force on 6 January 1986

PREAMBLE

We the People of the Republic of Liberia:
Acknowledging our devout gratitude to God for our existence as a Free, Sovereign and
Independent State, and relying on His Divine Guidance for our survival as a Nation;
Realizing from many experiences during the course of our national existence which culminated in the Revolution of April 12, 1980, when our Constitution of July 26, 1847 was suspended, that all of our people, irrespective of history, tradition, creed, or ethnic background are of one common body politic;

Exercising our natural, inherent and inalienable rights to establish a framework of government for the purpose of promoting unity, liberty, peace, stability, equality, justice and human rights under the rule of law, with opportunities for political, social, moral, spiritual and cultural advancement of our society, for ourselves and for our posterity; and

Having resolved to live in harmony, to practice fraternal love, tolerance and understanding as a
people and being fully mindful of our obligation to promote African unity and international peace
and cooperation,

Do hereby solemnly make, establish, proclaim, and publish this Constitution for the governance of the Republic of Liberia.

CHAPTER I: STRUCTURE OF THE STATE

Article 1
All power is inherent in the people. All free governments are instituted by their authority and for
their benefit and they have the right to alter and reform the same when their safety and happiness so require. In order to ensure democratic government which responds to the wishes of the governed, the people shall have the right at such period, and in such manner as provided for under this Constitution, to cause their public servants to leave office and to fill vacancies by
regular elections and appointments.

Article 2
This Constitution is the supreme and fundamental law of Liberia and its provisions shall have
binding force and effect on all authorities and persons throughout the Republic.
Any laws, treaties, statutes, decrees, customs and regulations found to be inconsistent with it
shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void and of no legal effect. The Supreme Court,
pursuant to its power of judicial review, is empowered to declare any inconsistent laws
unconstitutional.

Article 3
Liberia is a unitary sovereign state divided into counties for administrative purposes. The form of
government is Republican with three separate coordinate branches: the Legislative, the Executive
and Judiciary. Consistent with the principles of separation of powers and checks and balances,
no person holding office in one of these branches shall hold office in or exercise any of the
powers assigned to either of the other two branches except as otherwise provided in this
Constitution; and no person holding office in one of the said branches shall serve on any
autonomous public agency.

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